CRJ 550 Research Methods and Analysis (SOC 4005) - 3 credits
The functions of concepts, hypotheses, and theories for an empirical discipline; the operationalization of theoretical variables; the principles of research design; and the problems of inference. The association between criminological theories and research methods used to study crime is explored through the utilization of a variety of related data sources. Also covered are basic quantitative techniques, relevant statistics, data interpretation, and an overview of SPSS. Required of all students unless CRJ 575 is taken.
CRJ 560 Criminological Theory (SOC 4015) - 3 credits
A systemic and critical analysis of the major theories of criminality, including an examination of both traditional and contemporary theories. Consideration will be given to conceptualizations of crime, the relationship of criminological theories to crime on the streets, and specific aspects of criminal behavior. Required of all students.
CRJ 565 Ethics and Criminal Justice (SOC 4095) - 3 credits
This course will address ethical issues in the criminal justice system at both the theoretical and applied levels. Typical theoretical issues addressed might include the following: the relationship between law and morality; theories of punishment; conditions for the moral and/or legal responsibility of individuals; notions of procedural justice. Typical applied ethics issues might include the following: search and seizure rules; the insanity defense and the "guilty but mentally ill" verdict; plea bargaining; capital punishment; mandatory sentencing; civil disobedience; limits on the use of deadly force. Required of all students.
CRJ 570 Professional Writing for Law Enforcement (SOC 4585) - 3 credits
The course is designed to develop the cognitive and technical skills of effective writing for law enforcement. Primary emphasis will be given to the "craft of writing", thus, learning the techniques and skills of effective communication in the law enforcement workplace. Class assignments will enhance students' use of computer technology in the writing process. These tools are then applied to a variety of topics, including correspondence, memos, investigative reports, and presentations.
CRJ 575 Advanced Research Methods and Analysis (SOC 4070) - 3 credits
In-depth coverage of data collection including questionnaire construction, advanced quantitative techniques and statistics, interpretation and drawing inferences, comprehensive use of SPSS, function of the SJU Institutional Review Board, and research report formulation. Students will select a topic, complete the literature review, and develop a research methodology that may later be used as the initial components of the master's thesis. Prerequisite: recent coursework and present working knowledge of basic research methods. Required of students intending to complete a master's thesis via CRJ 793. May be substituted for CRJ 550 as a core course.
CRJ 601 Law and Social Policy (SOC 4065) - 3 credits
An exploration of various dimensions of the relationship between law and social policy in contemporary American society. In assessing how judicial opinions and legislative efforts affect Social relations and institutional arrangements, inquiry is focused upon: (1) the ways in which social problems become defined as legal issues; (2) the forces which shape the initiation and ultimate formulation of legislative acts designed to affect public policy; (3) the role which cultural values and assumptions play in framing legal arguments and influencing judicial opinions and remedial programs; (4) the issue of compliance and the ways in which it is measured and enforced, and (5) the strengths and limitations of the law as a means of achieving specific social policy objectives.
CRJ 602 Courts, Policies, and Administration (SOC 4165) - 3 credits
An examination of the principles and practices of court administration, its impact on the legal process, and interrelationships with other law enforcement agencies. Special emphasis is placed on methods and techniques needed to modernize the court system.
CRJ 603 Nuts and Bolts of the Criminal Justice Process (SOC 4185) - 3 credits
This course considers the criminal justice system from the point of arrest to final sentencing. Attention focuses on the impact of public perception on the police, prosecutors and judges. Probation and parole mechanisms will be viewed from a policy value standpoint.
CRJ 604 Law Enforcement Management (SOC 4305) - 3 credits
An analysis of the principles and theories of the professional management and administration of law enforcement organizations. This course focuses on the execution and impact of policy decisions made by administrators in the courts, police departments and other criminal justice agencies. It examines specific operational and staff functions, including budgeting, personnel, planning, and productivity measurement. Other topics include organizational, development and information systems.
CRJ 605 Criminal Justice Administration (SOC 4345) - 3 credits
This course provides present and future senior managers with the skills to achieve organizational effectiveness. Major topics include organizational design and behavior, budgeting and financial management, diversity, performance evaluation, human resources management, labor relations, and the policy process.
CRJ 606 Criminal Procedure: Investigation to Testimony (SOC 4395) - 3 credits
This course will cover current law and its practical application to the phase of law enforcement from the initial investigation of a person through testimony at trial. Areas of emphasis will include a legal "stop" versus profiling, appearance at a preliminary hearing, preparation for and testimony at trial, the role of and what to expect from the trial judge, prosecutor, and particularly the defense attorney. This course will be especially useful for present and future criminal investigators and police officers.
CRJ 607 Multiculturalism and Diversity in Criminal Justice (SOC 4515) - 3 credits
The purpose of this course is to present a conceptual framework to provide understanding of the special conditions of minorities in the context of the criminal justice system and encourage the development of culturally and gender specific compatible skills and practical approaches to more adequately meet the challenges presented by working with minority population concerns, problems and needs.
CRJ 610 Community and Problem Oriented Policing (SOC 4275) - 3 credits
Introduction and analysis of the relatively new strategies of community and problem oriented policing. Significant attention is given to the rationale and implications of these methods of social control.
CRJ 611 Crime Analysis Using GIS Mapping (SOC 4295) - 3 credits
This course will examine the role of geographic information systems (GIS) in crime analysis by covering the basic components of a GIS and examining the use of GIS in police departments throughout the US. Special attention will be given to the use of GIS at the Philadelphia Police Department and will include techniques used to analyze crime patterns as well as a review of the way crime maps influence tactical deployment decisions. Finally, a visit to the Philadelphia Police Department's Crime Analysis Unit and/or Compstat meeting will illustrate the relationship of GIS to current crime problems in Philadelphia.
CRJ 612 Police Executive Management (SOC 4315) - 3 credits
This course will cover police management issues at the senior and conceptual levels. Specific areas include the strategy process, planning, implementation, leadership, quality, performance management, managerial problem solving, new policing strategies and innovations. The course will be conducted as a seminar utilizing class discussion to develop critical thinking, knowledge of advanced management practices, and how to achieve effective results.
CRJ 613 Technology for the Police Executive (SOC 4325) - 3 credits
This course is geared to the non-technical police manager and is designed to give students an overview of major automated systems used today throughout the United States. Topics covered include: the Internet, project management, budgeting, automation via computer including networks, dealing with vendors, maintenance agreements, grants, and applying for technical grants. The course will highlight major public safety systems such as the National Crime Information Center (NCIC2000), computer-aided dispatch, utilization of geographic information systems, and crime mapping. The course will also cover 911 systems, mobile/field communications, and vehicle mobile data terminals (MDT). No prior technical knowledge is required
CRJ 615 Youth Cultures and Deviance (SOC 4435) - 3 credits
This course offers economic, cultural, political, and social perspectives on American youth based on sociological theory. Special attention will be paid to youth popular culture and the unique social problems facing young adults (e.g. gangs, drugs, suicide, and teen pregnancy).
CRJ 616 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency: Issues and Responses (SOC 4245) - 3 credits
This course provides a contemporary overview of theoretical and programmatic issues and concerns in juvenile delinquency and the juvenile justice system, including a review of recent research. The course also focuses on a critical review of the trends in problem solving and delivery of services to this population.
CRJ 617 Mental Health and the Law (SOC 4205) - 3 credits
The purpose of this course is to acquaint criminal justice professionals with the mental health field and to serve as a primer for understanding mental health and mental health professionals. In addition, particular areas of interplay between mental health and criminal justice will be emphasized to provide a historical and up-to-date factual background.
CRJ 618 Therapeutic Strategies in Criminal Justice (SOC 4255) - 3 credits
An examination of the application of basic counseling principles to varied criminal justice settings, from adult correctional institutions to post-release situations. Special emphasis is given to innovative methods and programs.
CRJ 619 Foundations of Addiction for Criminal Justice Professionals (SOC 4805) - 3 credits
The course is designed to meet the needs of the criminal justice professional in dealing with the human and social consequences of addiction. The course will provide an understanding of substance abuse problems and addiction in American society. It is designed to provide a framework for exploring the effects of these problems on the many aspects of American culture including: the individual, family, criminal justice system, healthcare system, and the workplace. Course content will also include a critical analysis of current and past treatment interventions.
CRJ 620 Evidence Based Practice in Substance Abuse/Behavioral Health Treatment (SOC 4675) - 3 credits
Increasingly the Substance Abuse/Behavioral Healthcare field is being asked to prove that it offers a valuable treatment service for the funds it receives. This course will explore "best practices" including practice guidelines, treatments that are efficacious and evidence based treatments for substance abuse/addiction. The course will look at the level of energy needed and the complexities to transport "Evidence Based Scientific Knowledge" into a "real" clinical environment.
CRJ 621 Co-Occurring Disorders - 3 credits
The widespread prevalence of individuals suffering from concurrent psychiatric and substance use disorders has been increasingly recognized within the behavioral healthcare field, with a consequent need for well-trained professionals to be proficient in dealing with these clients, as well as able to function competently in the sophisticated, multidisciplinary programs which are evolving to treat co-occurring disorders. This course will provide the requisite foundational knowledge and skills for the student who will be faced with these challenges. The focus will be on evaluation, treatment planning and delivery, case management, aftercare, and self-help recovery groups. The characteristics and unique needs of each disorder will be addressed, accompanied by an examination of the impact of substance abuse and addiction.
CRJ 622 Basic Principles of Behavior Analysis (SOC 4605) - 3 credits
Learning serves as the basis for behavior change. In the field of criminal justice, programs often attempt to rehabilitate delinquents and offenders. This is an advanced course on principles of learning. This course will cover studies of principles of learning from relatively simple animal studies to more complex issues such as the acquisition of human language. We will outline from a behavior analytic perspective on such issues as thinking, feeling, and imagining. We will follow the structure of Catania's text including an overview of learning processes, learning without words in an evolutionary context, and with words examining memory.
CRJ 623 Applied Behavior Analysis (SOC 4615) - 3 credits
Often Criminal Justice Personnel are called to function as behavior managers. To function effectively as a behavior manager/analyst, Criminal Justice Personnel need to grasp the basic concepts of human behavior and its change. This course covers the practical aspects of being an applied behavior analyst working in the criminal justice system, school system and the community setting. The topics will cover: basic principles of applied behavior analysis; the application of these principles to children ADHD, ODD, and CD8; writing behavioral objectives; training parents and paraprofessionals to execute operant and respondent based treatments; programming for generalization; working as a behavior analyst in a CASSP system; and legal and ethical issues in the treatment of children in a diverse society
CRJ 624 Behavior Analysis and Consultation (SOC 4625) - 3 credits
Professionals in the field of criminal justice often serve as consultants. Consultation has become a major approach to service delivery of psycho-educational services to children and adolescents. This course focuses on behavioral consultation in the juvenile justice system, school system, workplace, and community settings. The topics covered are best practices in behavioral consultation, the verbal behavior of the consultant and the consultee, building a consulting relationship, problem identification interviewing, direct observation methodology, problem analysis interviewing, skills and functional behavioral assessment methodology, functional analysis, standardized behavioral assessment, positive behavioral support and developing a competing behaviors model, treatment plan design and implementation, and treatment evaluation using single subject designs and graphical analysis of the data..
CRJ 625 Behavioral Development (SOC 4635) - 3 credits
Many people in the justice system today are there because of emotional and behavioral disorders. Conceptualization of behavior problems and the origins of behavioral disorders are critical to the functioning of a criminal justice professional. This course focuses on Basic Principles in Behavior Analysis and how they shape the development of normal and abnormal children. The role of these principles in normal development and developmental problems such as language delays, motor developmental delays, conduct and oppositional defiant disorder, childhood depression and autism are explored. The course reviews field applications including observations, functional behavioral assessment, curriculum-based measures and intervention strategies that involve both the school and the family.
CRJ 626 Clinical Behavior Analysis (SOC 4645) - 3 credits
This course observes behavior analysis as it enters into the child clinical, adult clinical, supervisory level and organizational behavior. The primary goal of the course is to provide an overview and skills for behavior analysts in criminal justice to function as parole and probation officers with both adults and children, as well as organizational and system level change experts.
CRJ 627 Contemporary Criminology: Scope and Application (SOC 4105) - 3 credits
The goal of this course is to provide students with an understanding of topical issues in contemporary criminology. The course is designed to provide opportunities for active learning and critical analysis with an eye towards an understanding of the social reality of crime and crime control as well as how the social administration of justice operates. Specific areas to be discussed include: the correlates of crime (race, class, gender, and age); violent crime; economic crime; political crime; victimology; policing; and the control and regulation of criminals in the courts and corrections. Further, students will learn to apply their knowledge to better understand contemporary criminal justice research, evaluation, and policy analysis.
CRJ 628 Victimology (SOC 4125) - 3 credits
The course focuses on the contemporary concept and status of the victim, juxtaposed with their historical evolution in terms of compensation, retribution, and vengeance. Current victim assistance programs are evaluated. The definition of the victim is broadened to include currently undervalued categories. Other issues addressed are child abuse, environmental casualties, and controversies over recovered memories.
CRJ 629 Violence and Victims (SOC 4175) - 3 credits
This course is designed to explore the serious problem of violence in our society from a sociological perspective. Violence is prevalent in homes and on the streets of the United States. This course will address a variety of types of violence, its causes, consequences, and theories for prevention. Topics which will be addressed include wife abuse, rape, child abuse, gang warfare, street violence and serial murder. An emphasis will be placed on understanding the structural causes of violence such as gender, race, and social class inequality as well as the effect of pornography, the media, and drugs/alcohol on violence. Particular attention will be given to the consequences of violence for both individual victims and society as a whole.
CRJ 630 Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice (SOC 4455) - 3 credits
This course will focus on the differing experiences of women and men as victims, offenders, and professionals in the criminal justice system. There will be a particular focus on the relationship between gender and the justice experience especially that of victim - offender. The course will also examine gender based employment issues for criminal justice professionals.
CRJ 631 Criminal Jurisprudence (SOC 4525) - 3 credits
As a branch of constitutional law, criminal jurisprudence focuses on the balancing of individual rights with police functions and the need to ensure public safety. Basic principles of criminal jurisprudence will be taught using the case study method. Emphasis will be directed at the body of law and doctrine that has developed under the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments since the 1960s. Topics will include due process and confessions, remedies for constitutional violations, punishment and sentencing.
CRJ 632 Crime and Urban Communities (SOC 4535) - 3 credits
This course examines crime and delinquency at the level of the urban neighborhood. This course takes an in-depth look at the theories and research that has emphasized the community level factors that lead to crime and delinquency, and examines the topic of what neighborhoods can do to prevent crime. The course will also consider policies that aim at alleviating neighborhood problems and reducing crime. The course has a practical component that requires students to apply what they learn in class to specific problems of crime and disorder in local communities.
CRJ 633 Federal Criminal Justice (SOC 4505) - 3 credits
This course will examine the criminal justice at the federal level. The main areas are the role of each branch of government; how agencies are funded; the major investigation, prosecution, probation, and correction elements; and individual investigative agencies including Inspector General. The course will cover the mission of and interrelationships among individual agencies.
CRJ 634 Federal Criminal Law and Prosecution (SOC 4495) - 3 credits
This covers federal criminal law and its enforcement. Major areas include an overview of federal crimes, elements of the United States Code, origin and scope of federal criminal law, and the role of federal agents in the support of prosecutions. Specific topics include mail and wire fraud, the Hobbs Act, official bribery and corruption, organizational crime, drug enforcement, money laundering, criminal civil rights violations and remedies, interference with witnesses, federal versus state prosecution, sentencing guidelines, and asset forfeiture.
CRJ 635 White Collar Crime (SOC 4215) - 3 credits
The course provides an understanding of the accounting and financial bases of embezzlement, fraud, corruption, and misapplication of funds. Legislation and regulation in government and business are examined. Consumer protection and corporate responsibility are discussed.
CRJ 636 Federal Search & Seizure (SOC 4365) - 3 credits
This course is designed to teach the law of search and seizure as it is defined and applied in federal court. Instruction will focus on the requirements of the Fourth Amendment and the proper means by which a federal agent may obtain evidence through searches and seizures. This course will address legal and evidentiary issues associated with search warrants, exceptions to the warrant requirement, warrantless searches, frequent problems that confront federal agents, as well as emerging trends in the law of search and seizure.
CRJ 637 Forensic Financial Analysis (SOC 4375) - 3 credits
This course covers the detection of illegal financial transactions. Major topics include money laundering, fraud, embezzlement, and illicit accounting practices. Students will learn data gathering and analysis techniques for financial transactions, records, legitimate businesses, illegal organizations, and individuals. The course will include preparation for trial. Prerequisite: a basic course in accounting or permission of the instructor.
CRJ 638 Drugs: Threats, Laws, and Strategies (SOC 4385) - 3 credits
This course covers illegal drugs and narcotics including prescription medication diverted for illicit use. Major topics include drug types, brief history, emerging tends, relevant federal and state laws, typical domestic and foreign sources, production and distribution methods. A strategy overview includes the National Drug Control Policy; agencies involved; the role of education, interdiction, investigation, prosecution, treatment and rehabilitation; and coordination among federal, state, and local law enforcement.
CRJ 639 Organized Crime: Targets and Strategies (SOC 4405) - 3 credits
This course will investigate the social, economic, and political impact organized crime has on our society. We will target specific industries where organized crime has influence/control (e.g. construction, waterfront, garment, trucking, and convention centers). The course will explore criminal, civil, and administrative strategies to control and/or remove the influence of organized crime in those industries.
CRJ 640 Terrorism: Threats and Strategies (SOC 4415) - 3 credits
This course is designed to give the student an understanding of the concepts of terrorism, both domestic and international. Lecturer will address the causes and effects of terrorism as they relate to political structures from both religious and historical perspectives; noting its impact on the world today.
CRJ 641 Homeland Security (SOC 4425) - 3 credits
This course focuses on the consolidation of responsibilities and functions across agencies, at various jurisdictional levels, that have the charge of mitigating hostilities, threats, hazards, and consequences. Further, this course incorporates the pillars of robust response systems. This course is designed to develop analytical skills that will prepare students to identify, evaluate and resolve complex policy issues and initiate practical actions. Though the range of relevant issues extends from local matters to national security, this course will concentrate on preparedness strategies for state, urban and local areas.
CRJ 642 Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysis (SOC 4545) - 3 credits
This course pursues the deliberative and cognitive activities and methodologies that surround the production of intelligence information, in support of decision-making at the strategic, tactical, and operational levels of law enforcement. Also examined are the structure and supervision of the intelligence analysis unit at various levels of law enforcement, and the role of the analyst.
CRJ 643 Law Enforcement Intelligence: Policy and Process (SOC 4555) - 3 credits
This course provides insights into the contemporary functions of law enforcement strategic, tactical, and operational intelligence and its influence upon crime prevention policy. The discussion will include the intelligence process in the context of intelligence unit structure and supervision, operating procedures, and resources. The course will examine how law enforcement intelligence relates to organizational relationships, planning, and decision-making.
CRJ 644 Electronic Intelligence Analysis (SOC 4595) - 3 credits
This course will use the latest computer technology to train students in the use of Analyst Notebook 7, an electronic version of link analysis, telephone toll analysis and flow charts. Analyst Notebook 7 is the program currently being used by the CIA, FBI, NSA, US ARMY, INS, CUSTOMS, SECRET SERVICE, HOMELAND SECURITY, DEA, and more than 1500 other National, State and Local Law Enforcement agencies throughout the world, to combat Terrorism, Drug Smuggling, Money Laundering and Organized Crime. It is a hands-on training course and is limited to twenty-five students. Prerequisite: CRJ 642.
CRJ 647 Problems in Contemporary Corrections (SOC 4145) - 3 credits
The major problems of adult corrections, including prison and jail overcrowding, population forecasting, judicial intervention in correctional operations, prison disturbances, mental health and incarceration, pretrial and post-conviction alternatives to traditional incarceration, ethics and corrections, and the death penalty. Case study materials are employed, and current and ongoing correctional issues are discussed.
CRJ 648 Contemporary Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections (SOC 4155) - 3 credits
This course is designed to analyze the current legal, managerial, and political factors which impact upon the probation and parole system. It will examine organizational innovations, caseload management techniques, and technological advances used to confront such problems.
CRJ 650 Victim Offender Mediation (SOC 4445) - 3 credits
The introduction of restorative justice philosophy into the traditional criminal justice system has resulted in the adoption of a number of dialogue processes, which will be the focus of this new offering. The course will explore the humanistic mediation model and the community mediation model used by many local mediation groups. The course will also cover other processes such as community sentencing circles, restorative conferencing, reparative boards and family group conferencing. Participants will not only learn the theories behind these practices, but will have and opportunity to experience them through role- plays. Resolving conflict and dealing with the aftermath of crime through dialogue is a highly valued skill in restorative justice.
CRJ 651 Restorative Justice: Theory (SOC 4475) - 3 credits
Restorative justice is a new movement in the fields of victimology and criminology. Acknowledging that crime causes injury to people and communities, it insists that justice repair those injuries and that the parties are permitted to participate in that process. This course will provide the student with a strong foundation in restorative justice through the use of text, supplemental readings, videos and guest speakers. Students will also gain an understanding of how restorative justice differs from our traditional justice process.
CRJ 652 Restorative Justice: Practice (SOC 4485) - 3 credits
This course places restorative justice theory into practice. Students will learn and become proficient in several restorative practices including peacemaking circles, sentencing circles, restorative conferencing, reparative boards, youth aid panels, and victim offender mediation. As an experiential course, students will participate in all of the practices throughout the semester. Some of these practices are hundreds of years old. Many criminal justice agencies see potential widespread application. The skills taught in this course can be used in any situation involving conflict. Prerequisite: CRJ 651
CRJ 655 Inside/Out: Exploring Crime and Justice Behind Bars (4755) - 3 credits
This class is a unique opportunity to explore issues of crime and justice from inside a correctional facility, where the classes take place throughout the semester. The Inside-Out Prison Exchange Program brings together students from universities and adult students who are incarcerated to learn about and discuss topics such as the causes of crime, victims, the rationale of the criminal justice system, and restorative justice. Through the readings and dialogue, inside and outside students will be able to integrate their theoretical knowledge with lived experiences. It is through this exchange that we hope to critically analyze and challenge the current system in the U.S. that has resulted in a higher incarceration rate than other similar countries.
CRJ 656 The Criminal Justice System - 3 credits
Provides a foundation and overview of the criminal justice system and process. The major components are discussed including crime, law, criminology, law enforcement, adjudication by the courts, corrections, juvenile justice, current issues and policies. This course is designed for students with only limited prior study in American criminal justice and little or no professional Criminal Justice experience in the United States. Permission of the Program Director required
CRJ 770 Special Topic/Independent Study - 3 credits
An opportunity to conduct extensive literature review or research project under the supervision of the Graduate Director. Such work must be preceded by a proposal that must be approved by the Director of the Graduate Criminal Justice program.
CRJ 789 Criminal Justice Internship - 3 credits
An opportunity to carry out supervised field experience under the supervision of a subject matter expert and facilitated by the Graduate Director. Such work must be preceded by a proposal that must be approved by the Director of the Graduate Criminal Justice program.
CRJ 790 Internship in Behavior Analysis I - 3 credits
The academic component of a field experience or professional development in the behavior analysis field. Field experience based on 300 contact hours. Such work must be preceded by a proposal that must be approved by the Director of the Graduate Criminal Justice program.
CRJ 791 Internship in Behavior Analysis II - 3 credits
The academic component of a field experience or professional development in the behavior analysis field. Field experience based on 300 contact hours. Such work must be preceded by a proposal that must be approved by the Director of the Graduate Criminal Justice program. Prerequisite: CRJ 790
CRJ 792 Internship in Behavior Analysis III - 3 credits
The academic component of a field experience or professional development in the behavior analysis field. Field experience based on 150 contact hours. Such work must be preceded by a proposal that must be approved by the Director of the Graduate Criminal Justice program. Prerequisite: CRJ 791
CRJ 793 Thesis Supervision - 3 credits
An integrative course in which the student is expected to complete a research paper utilizing the research methods and subject matter competence obtained in previous courses. Prerequisites include CRJ 575 and 570. Thesis courses may only be taken near the end of a student's curriculum, will be scheduled over a fall/spring sequence, and will be continued until the research is completed. Encouraged far students who plan to pursue a Ph.D. Permission of the Director required