Sally Kuykendall, Ph.D.

Associate Professor and Chair
Disciplines Taught: Interdisciplinary Health Care Ethics, Interdisciplinary Health Services
Office: Post Hall 114
Phone: (610) 660-1530
Fax: (610) 660 3359
Email: skuykend@sju.edu


Dr. Kuykendall earned a diploma in nursing, Bachelor’s Degree in Chemistry, Master’s Degree in Health Education and Ph.D. in Health Studies. Her area of expertise is evaluating youth violence prevention programs, specifically programs to prevent or reduce youth gun carrying, bullying, domestic violence, and other adverse childhood experiences. Program funders include Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency, Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities, Children’s Trust Fund, William Penn Foundation, Pennsylvania Department of Education, the Barra Foundation, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the Institute of Catholic Bioethics at Saint Joseph’s University. From 2001-2007, Kuykendall (Black) conducted an independent evaluation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program. During this project, Kuykendall spent hundreds of hours surveying students and observing behaviors at lunch and recess. Kuykendall developed several ways to measure violence and program fidelity. To date, Kuykendall co-authored eight peer reviewed journal articles, two conference proceedings, and over thirty professional conference presentations. Her book, Bullying, published by ABC-CLIO, presents bullying from a medical perspective, discussing causes of aggressive behavior, why victims respond in the ways that they do, evidence-based programs and future directions in preventing youth violence. Kuykendall is currently working with local community agencies to reduce children’s exposure to domestic violence.

 

Education

  • R.N. Thomas Jefferson University (1981) Diploma in Nursing
  • B.Sc. (Hons) Plymouth Polytechnic, England (1988) Chemistry and Biology
  • M.S. Saint Joseph’s University (1996) Health Education
  • Ph.D. Temple University (2001) Health Studies

Professional Experience

  • 1981-1982 Agency Nurse, Philadelphia, PA
  • 1982-1989 State Registered Nurse, United Kingdom
  • 1990-1993 Registered Nurse, Intensive Care Unit, Philadelphia and Abington, PA
  • 1993-1994 Clinical Instructor of medical-surgical nursing, Abington School of Nursing, Abington, PA
  • 1995-1996 Clinical Research Coordinator, SmithKline Beecham
  • 1998-2000 Teaching Assistant of Health Sciences, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
  • 2000-2005 Adjunct Professor of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
  • 2002-2004 Visiting Professor of Health Services, Saint Joseph’s University, Philadelphia, PA
  • 2004-2011 Assistant Professor of Health Services, Saint Joseph’s University
  • 2011-2014 Chair and Associate Professor of Health Services, Saint Joseph’s University

Courses Taught

  • Statistics and Research Methodology
  • Health and the School-aged Child
  • Nutrition: Health and Disease
  • Human Sexuality and Disease
  • Violence and Aggression
  • Health Services Research
  • Public Health and Epidemiology 

Publications

  • Black, S., (1997). Dream Interpretation, The Nursing Spectrum, 6, 24. 
  • Black, S. (2007). Evaluation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program: How it can work for inner city kids. Scientific proceedings at 2007 National Conference on Safe Schools and Communities, Washington, D.C. Available at: http://gwired.gwu.edu/hamfish/merlin-cgi/p/downloadFile/d/19136/n/off/ot...
  • Black, S., Weinles, D. & Jackson, E. (2007). Victim responses to bullying, perceptions of what works, what doesn’t. Scientific proceedings at 2007 AERA conference, Chicago, IL. 
  • Black, S., Davis, M.B., & Dempsey, S.H. (2010). Practitioner Recommended Practices for Children Exposed to Domestic Violence. Health Promotion Practice, 11 (6), 900-907.
  • Black, S., & Hausman, A. (2008). Adolescents’ Views of Guns in a High-Violence Community. Journal of Adolescent Research. 23 (5), 592-610. 
  • Black, S., Hausman, A., Dempsey, S.H., Davis, M.B., & Robbins, S. (Spring 2009). From childhood exposure to domestic violence victimization: Female intergenerational transmission of domestic violence. Family Violence Prevention & Health Practice E-journal available at: http://endabuse.org/health/ejournal/ 
  • Black, S. & Jackson, E. (2007) Using bullying incident density to evaluate the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program. School Psychology International Journal, 28, 623-638. 
  • Black, S.A., & Matthews, G. P. (1989). Colorimetric and gas chromatographic determination of total fluoride in toothpastes containing ionic and covalent fluoride, Analytical Proceedings, 26, 67-69.
  • Black, S., & Washington, E. (2008). Evaluation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program in Nine Urban Schools: Effective Practices and Next Steps, Educational Research Service Spectrum, 26 (4), 7-19. 
  • Black, S., Washington, E., Trent, V. Harner. P. & Pollock, E. (2010). Translating the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program into real world practice. Health Promotion Practice, 11(5), 733-740. 
  • Black, S., Weinles, D. & Jackson, E. (2010). Victim strategies to stop bullying. Youth Violence & Juvenile Justice, 8(2), 138-147.
  • Kuykendall, S. (February 2011). Bullying: What a pediatrician should know. E. Shafer (ed.). Infectious Diseases in Children.
  • Kuykendall, S. (2012). Bullying: Health and Medical Issues Today, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO Greenwood Press. 
  • Kuykendall, S. (2013). Measuring the impact of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program: An evaluation study. SAGE Cases in Methodology. 
  • Perdew, L. (in press) Bullying. S. Kuykendall (ed). Abdo publishing: Minneapolis, MN.

Grants and Awards

  • Partnering with Parents funded by Children’s Trust Fund 
  • Family Safe Zone funded by Barra Foundation and Children's Trust Fund
  • Pediatric Champions Project funded by the Barra Foundation
  • Saint Joseph’s University Summer Research Grant
  • Faculty Fellow in the Institute of Catholic Bioethics
  • National Health Corps Program funded by Americorps 
  • CHANCE Program funded by the Children’s Trust Fund 
  • Bullying Prevention funded by Center for Safe Schools, PCCD and PA Department of Education 
  • Healthy Lessons for Urban Youth a non-competing grant funded by the Centers for Disease Control 
  • Implementation of the Second Step program funded by PCCD 
  • CHANCE project funded by Safe and Bright Futures for Children 
  • Research-based violence and delinquency prevention in Philadelphia funded by PCCD 
  • Community Impact Award from GlaxoSmithKline 
  • Teaching Excellence Award, Saint Joseph’s University
  • Ambassador Award, Abington Memorial Hospital
  • Meggy Memorial Prize in Practical Chemistry, University of Plymouth
 

Research

Youth Violence Prevention

Advancements in biology, chemistry, genetics, neurology, psychology, and sociology have opened the doors to new treatment possibilities. Patients can now expect doctors to prescribe the most effective and safe treatment available. These same scientific advancements can be applied to other long-standing public health problems, such as youth violence. Psychological and neurological research shows that children learn by watching others. Specialized motor neurons light up when children watch adults perform a behavior. It doesn’t matter whether the skill is positive, such as learning how to ride a bike, or negative, such as throwing an object in anger. To complicate the issue, youth do not have a fully developed brain. They use different areas of their brain to problem solve than the adult brain uses. Youth act on gut instincts, not fully contemplating the consequences of possible actions. These findings explain why injuries are one of the leading causes of death for young people in America. My research focuses on using medical science to develop the effective and safe youth violence prevention programs. Partnering with local practitioners, parents, teachers, healthcare professionals, children, and program funders, we select programs that have a strong scientific foundation and suggest promising outcomes, pilot the programs in local communities and evaluate the programs for effectiveness and safety. Our goal is to eliminate programs that do not work (or cause more harm than good) and to promote the use of evidence-based programs and practices in local communities.


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