Christopher W. Close, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor
Disciplines Taught: European Studies, History
Office: Barbelin 112H
Phone: 610-660-1797


B.A., University of Iowa
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania

Courses Taught

HIS 154 Forging the Modern World
HIS 319 Revolutions 1517-1648
HIS 327 Transformation in Early Modern Europe 1400-1800
HIS 348 Witchcraft, Law, and the Supernatural in Early Modern Europe



Dr. Close's research focuses on the history of early modern Europe with special interest in the intersection of religion and politics in European society from the fifteenth through the seventeenth centuries. His first monograph, The Negotiated Reformation: Imperial Cities and the Politics of Urban Reform (1525-1550), examines how networks of support and communication between cities enabled the Protestant Reformation to spread and survive in southern Germany. His current book project, An Empire of Alliances: State Formation and Sovereignty in Early Modern Europe, reevaluates traditional models of state formation by analyzing the political operation of multilateral alliances in the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic from 1450-1670. Dr. Close's articles have appeared in several scholarly journals including Central European History, The Sixteenth Century Journal, Archive for Reformation History, Church History, and German History.  

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